Air-raid Shelter [TOP]
The Morrison Shelter was introduced in March 1941, for people without gardens. The shelter, made from heavy steel, could also be used as a table. People sheltered underneath it during a raid. The Morrison shelter was named after the Minister for Home Security, Mr. Herbert Morrison.
On September 21, 1940 the London Underground started to be used as an air raid shelter. On the busiest night in 1940, 177,000 people slept on platforms. Many bought sandwiches, thermos flasks, pillows and blankets.
Memories of in the school air raid shelter We had to carry a gas mask which was issued in a cardboard box with a piece of string to sling over your shoulder........ Air raid shelters were built at the bottom of the playground where once we had practised our Hiawatha rabbit skin curing skills........
All children had to know how to respond to an air raid and school air raid practice. As well as having shelters in homes, air raid shelters were also built in school grounds in case the air raid sirens sounded during school hours. In some cases, children were involved in building their school shelter.
North Korean officials are inspecting air-raid shelters in factories and other businesses to assess their wartime readiness, although some poorly maintained bunkers are winning approval due to bribes, sources said.
In Woman in Berlin, we see the story of a woman who is in an air-raid shelter in Germany. From the 1930s-on we saw a rise in above-ground shelters in Germany to protect against bombing during the war. The shelters were divided into two groups, Luftschutzhäuser (air-raid protection buildings) and Luftschutztürme (air-raid protection towers). The biggest difference between them is that the towers were round in design and the buildings were rectangular, more like traditional buildings.
In the play, the shelter the woman is in is called a cave. This could be because the above ground shelters were made of stone and was often cold, wet and dark inside. There were also some shelters, particularly in Berlin, were below ground but they were not as popular. These would actually have tunnel entrances above ground that led to below ground shelters.
The German government was pressured by other leaders and citizens to build large shelters. These shelters, called hochbunkers were in the middle of cities and were often very tall, high-rise buildings that people were placed in during especially violent times.
This air-raid shelter (in German: Hochbunker) is now used as part of an apartment building. This also clearly shows the size of this bunker.Thousands of people could find shelter in this bunker during bombardments.
One of the periods in recent history that people are most curious about is the Spanish Civil War. It was at the beginning of the conflict, in 1936, when the capital of the Second Republic was transferred to Valencia, making it a strategic target. Bombing attacks on the city increased, creating the need to build air-raid shelters to protect the civilian population from the bombs.
With the idea of protecting the population from the direct impact of the bombs and shock waves, during the Civil War, a number of shelters were built in Valencia, allowing people to seek protection until the attacks had passed. Both public and private buildings were used for the general public or set aside for a specific group of people. Around 50 were built in different sizes, using two construction solutions: a post-and-lintel system or vaulting. While some had bathrooms and even kitchens, others did not even have a toilet.
These underground havens remain at temperatures of about 24-26 C, even when it exceeds 40 C outside. As a result, some cities have turned these shelters into rest centers which are open to the public for free in the summer, especially in China's "three stoves" of Nanjing, Chongqing and Wuhan, which have high summer temperatures.
Luo Ning, 65, a retiree in Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu province, has taken his 8-year-old granddaughter to a shelter near his home after lunch in recent days, where people can get something to drink, watch television, read magazines and books, use Wi-Fi and even access first-aid services.
Nanjing Civil Air Defense Office stepped up its anti-infection measures amid the COVID-19 pandemic when it opened the city's shelters to the public this year, according to Yao Feng, an official from the office.
Everyone who wants to enter the shelters must follow infection prevention protocols and wear a mask all the time within them, she said. "Elderly people, children, travelers and sanitation workers are regulars in the shelters," she added.
The Stone House Art Space, 3.2 meters wide and about 60 meters long, can accommodate 70 people. Run by four artists, the roof and the walls of the shelter are decorated with paintings in the style of the Dutch impressionist Vincent van Gogh. A railway carriage-themed bar and a mini garden have also been built in the shelter.
This prefabricated, British-designed, Australian-made Anderson air raid shelter was purchased and erected by the Adams family of 405 Gardeners Road, Mascot, Sydney. Bessie Adams and her sons purchased the shelter a few weeks after the Japanese midget submarine attack on Sydney Harbour and the shelling of the coastal suburbs that followed.
Anderson shelters were designed before the outbreak of the Second World War and issued free to many British families. They were named after the British Home Secretary and Minister for Home Security, John Anderson. Although the shelters were made here, Australian families like the Adams had to buy them.
"These shelters are often in commercial buildings, residential buildings, underground car parks, and even shopping malls," Divya Gopalan, the international editor for TaiwanPlus, said in a video demonstrating the app.
Air raid shelters cover the entire screen in Gopalan's demonstration, showing dozens of shelters within walking distance. The shelters have apparently been built over the course of decades as tensions with China have gradually grown.
The capital holds annual air raid drills, signaled by blaring air raid sirens, with the most recent taking place last month, according to NBC News. Soldiers and police are mobilized to help direct residents to the nearest shelter. Most of the shelters, 4,354, are within privately owned buildings, although in the event of war, they would be opened up with a directive from the Ministry of National Defense, Cheng told Focus Taiwan. 041b061a72